• rray_yank() gets and sets elements from an array by position. It is the complement to rray_extract(), which gets and sets elements by index.

  • For rrays, [[ is powered by rray_yank(), and allows you to select multiple elements by position with the syntax: x[[i]].

  • There are three assignment variations that all work essentially the same. They ensures that value has the same inner type as x, and value must be 1D.

    • rray_yank(x, i) <- value

    • x[[i]] <- value

    • rray_yank_assign(x, i, value)

rray_yank(x, i) <- value

# S3 method for vctrs_rray
[[(x, i, ...) <- value

rray_yank_assign(x, i, value)

rray_yank(x, i)

# S3 method for vctrs_rray
[[(x, i, ...)



A vector, matrix, array or rray.


One of the following:

  • An integer vector specifying the positions of the elements to yank.

  • A 1D logical vector of either length 1 or rray_elems(x).

  • A logical with the exact same dimensions as x.


A 1D value to be assigned to the location yanked by i. It will be cast to the type of rray_yank(x, i).


Not used. An error is thrown if extra arguments are supplied here.


A 1D vector of elements yanked out of x.


rray_yank() is meant as a replacement for the traditional behavior of x[i], which extracts multiple elements by their position, and returns a 1D vector. rray is much stricter, and for rrays x[i] would return the i rows of x, without dropping any dimensions. Separating this special behavior of extracting by position into a new function is less surprising, and allows [ to be more consistent and stable.

rray_yank() never keeps dimension names. For >1D objects, this would not be well defined to begin with, so the decision was made to keep this behavior for 1D objects as well. Think of rray_yank() as a way to rip out the inner elements of x. The dimension names and outer type are not a part of this information.

The Double Bracket [[

rray_yank() powers [[ for rray objects. It works a bit differently from base R. As with [, base R allows [[ to perform two roles. It can extract one element by position with x[[i]], or one element by index with x[[i, j, ...]]. This felt too flexible, so with rray objects [[ is directly powered by rray_yank(), meaning it can only do x[[i]]. However, multiple values of i are allowed, rather than just 1, meaning that x[[c(3, 5)]] will extract the 3rd and 5th positions in x and return them as a 1D array.

Notably this means that the index extraction behavior of x[[i, j, ...]] is missing with [[ for rrays. If you want that behavior, see rray_extract().

See also

Other rray subsetters: rray_extract<-, rray_slice<-, rray_subset<-


x <- rray(10:17, c(2, 2, 2)) # Resulting dimension is always 1D, and is a base R array rray_yank(x, 1:3)
#> [1] 10 11 12
# Subsetting with a logical is possible if it is either # length 1 or the length of `x` rray_yank(x, FALSE)
#> integer(0)
rray_yank(x, rep(c(TRUE, FALSE), times = rray_elems(x) / 2))
#> [1] 10 12 14 16
# You can assign a 1D vector to these yanked selections # Length 1 values are recycled as required rray_yank(x, c(1, 3, 5)) <- 9 # `rray_yank()` powers `[[` as well # Notably, you can yank multiple values in `[[` x[[c(1, 3, 5)]] <- NA # Logicals with the same dim as `x` can also be used as a yank indexer # This comes in handy as a way to remove NA values x[[is.na(x)]] <- 0